Concepciones de los Docentes sobre la Evaluación Socialmente Justa

F. Javier Murillo, Nina Hidalgo

Resumen


RESUMEN
El presente estudio busca conocer las concepciones de docentes sobre una evaluación socialmente justa. Para alcanzar dicho objetivo, se ha llevado a cabo una investigación fenomenográfica en la que han participado 30 docentes de educación Primaria y Secundaria, de centros públicos y privados y situados en contextos socioeconómicos favorables y desafiantes. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que los docentes conciben una evaluación socialmente justa conformada por seis elementos: una evaluación para el aprendizaje (más que del aprendizaje), equitativa y diferenciada para cada estudiante, participativa, que contribuya a la toma de conciencia social, que valore la autoestima y la empatía, y que favorezca y considere la capacidad reflexiva y critica de los estudiantes. Los hallazgos del estudio ponen de manifiesto la importancia de profundizar en concepciones sobre una evaluación socialmente justa del alumnado ya que la práctica evaluativa tiene claras repercusiones en la vida social y académica de los estudiantes.
Palabras Clave: Evaluación de estudiantes, Evaluación socialmente justa, Concepciones de evaluación, Investigación fenomenográfica.
ABSTRACT
The present study seeks to know assessment teachers’ conceptions about what is a socially just assessment. To achieve this objective, a phenomenographical research has been carried out in which 30 teachers of Primary and Secondary education have participated, from public and private schools located in favourable and challenging contexts. The results obtained show how teachers conceive a socially just assessment consisting of six elements: assessment for learning (rather than learning), equitable and differentiated for each student, that contributes to social awareness, which value self-esteem and empathy, and that favor and consider the reflective and critical capacity of students. The findings of our study show the importance of deepening into conceptions about a socially just assessment of students since assessment practice has clear repercussions in social and academic students’ life.
Keywords: Students assessment, Socially just assessment, Assessment conceptions, Phenomenographic research.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17811/aula_abierta.47.4.2018.441-448

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